Quick Facts

  • Approximately 3 million pages
  • Cross-searchable with other Nineteenth Century Collections Online archives


TIME PERIOD: 1797-1947


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Related Areas of Interest

Issues of gender and class ignited 19th century debate in the context of suffrage movements, culture, immigration, health and many other concerns. Using a wide array of primary source documents – serials, books, manuscripts, diaries, reports, and visuals – Women: Transnational Networks focuses on issues at the intersection of gender and class from the late 18th century to the era of suffrage in the early 20th century, all through a transnational perspective. The collection contains deep information on European and North American movements, but also expands its scope to include collections from other regions.

Researchers and scholars will find rare content related to:

  • social reform movements and groups
  • high and “low” culture
  • literature and the arts
  • immigration
  • daily life
  • religion
  • and more

Nineteenth Century Collections Online is the most ambitious scholarly digitization and publication program ever undertaken, providing full-text, fully searchable content from a wide range of primary sources. Selected with the guidance of an international team of expert advisors, these primary sources are invaluable for a wide range of academic disciplines and areas of study, providing never before possible research opportunities for one of the most studied historical periods.


The Mary Braddon Archive housed at Canterbury Christ Church University.  A best-selling novelist, Mary Braddon was a key figure for scholars of sensation and crime fiction, theatre history, life writing, childhood studies, popular fiction/culture and Victorian women’s writing.

Kept in the family since Mary Braddon’s death in 1915, this archive of unpublished material  includes correspondence with famous figures of the day, drafts of Braddon’s  most celebrated works, scripts, short stories, and her memoir of childhood, Before the Knowledge of Evil.

Collection of letters and loose documents in The Diaries of Elizabeth Fry, 1797-1845 collection. Elizabeth Fry was an English prison reformer, social reformer and, as a Quaker, a Christian philanthropist. Sourced from the Library of the Society of Friends, London, UK.

Travel narrative written by Rebecca Butterfield.  From the Quaker Women’s Diaries: 18th –19th Centuries collection.  Sourced from the Library of the Society of Friends, London, UK.

Significance: As a resource for study of gender, societal rules and class – all key categories of research for the long 19th century – Women: Transnational Networks supports research in history, sociology, women’s studies, medicine and a host of other disciplines. The collection’s scope of content from worldwide sources gives this archive a truly international perspective. 

Structure: Women: Transnational Networks is available on Gale’s cutting-edge research platform. This state-of-the-art platform was developed using our flexible Agile approach,  incorporating user testing and feedback throughout the process to ensure that we are providing the features that scholars require — such as detailed subject indexing and metadata, textual analysis tools, personalized user accounts, and more — for research in the digital age.

Source: Documents were sourced from the British Library, Library of the Society of Friends, London School of Economics and Political Science Library, and many others.

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