Quick Facts

  • Approximately 5 million pages
  • Cross-searchable with other Nineteenth Century Collections Online archives


TIME PERIOD: 1780-1925


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The long 19th century is an era characterized by industrial, technical and social revolution. With a changing society came new approaches to the study of natural history, physics, mathematics, medicine, and public health.

The rise of secular culture, the transportation and information revolution, the competition for empire, modern warfare, and modern notions of the self and the body are all topics with links to “pure science.” Science, Technology and Medicine, 1780-1925 helps researchers place science, along with medicine and technology, in the mainstream of historical study.

The interdisciplinary collection consists primarily of two components:

  • Journals track the connection between major episodes in the history of science, specifically in general science, medicine, biology, entomology, botany, chemistry, physics, mathematics, geology, paleontology, and technology.
  • Monographs in the hard and social sciences touch upon the history of anthropology, archeology, ecology, public health, sanitation, geography, oceanography, astronomy, industrial and battlefield technology, and the philosophy of science.

Major topics covered in the development of science in this period include:

  • Electricity and Physics
  • The Darwinian Revolution and Global Reception of Evolution
  • Civil Engineering
  • Mathematics
  • The Social History of American Medicine

Nineteenth Century Collections Online is the most ambitious scholarly digitization and publication program ever undertaken, providing full-text, fully searchable content from a wide range of primary sources. Selected with the guidance of an international team of expert advisors, these primary sources are invaluable for a wide range of academic disciplines and areas of study, providing never before possible research opportunities for one of the most studied historical periods.


Boston Medical Intelligencer.  Sourced from the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD

The Transylvania Journal of Medicine and the Associate Sciences.  Sourced from the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD

The Library of Health, and Teacher on the Human Constitution.  Sourced from the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD

Significance: Science, Technology and Medicine, 1780-1925 enables researchers to trace the emergence and dissemination of scientific ideas during the “long” 19th century that preceded 1800 and extended to 1925. The archive runs both wide and deep to navigate the borders between the hard and social sciences.

Researchers will be able to track debates within the journals and corresponding monograph publications. Particularly in the sciences, journal publications are often the key venue for new and original thinking.

Structure: Science, Technology, and Medicine is available on Gale’s cutting-edge research platform. This state-of-the-art platform was developed using our flexible Agile approach,  incorporating user testing and feedback throughout the process to ensure that we are providing the features that scholars require — such as detailed subject indexing and metadata, textual analysis tools, personalized user accounts, and more — for research in the digital age.

Source: Documents were sourced from the Huntington Library and other collections.

Advisory Board Contributor:

  • Dan Lewis, Ph.D., Dibner Senior Curator of the History of Science & Technology, The Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens - http://www.cgu.edu/pages/8174.asp


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