Important Role of former Nazis in Eastern Germany." 

November 21, 1950
Central Files Decimal Number 762B.00

War Department and Indian Affairs, 1800-1824, The

Summary

Rare primary sources chronicle the unique, often controversial, relationship between the U.S. government and Native American nations.

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Date Range: 1800-1824
Content: 7,588 pages
Source Library: U.S. National Archives

Description

The War Department and Indian Affairs, 1800-1824 consists of letters to and from the War Department, including many sent to the superintendent of Indian trade, Treasury Department officials and persons having commercial dealings with the War Department. Some letters were signed by department clerks or by the president.

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From 1789 until the Bureau of Indian Affairs was established in 1824, such affairs were under the control of the secretary of war, except for a government-operated factory system of trade with the Indians begun in 1795.

A November 1800 fire in the War Department destroyed most of its previous records; therefore, the records of the Office of the Secretary of War during its period of direct administration of Native American affairs exist only from late 1800 until 1824. During this period the department kept most of its incoming correspondence in one series. Copies of outgoing letters were recorded in several sets of letter books, one of which was for Native American affairs.

Scholars will find speeches to Native Americans, proceedings of conferences in Washington, licenses of traders, passports for “Indian country,” and instructions to commissioners, superintendents, agents and other officials. With its scope and depth of primary sources, the collection supports research in Native American studies, political studies, social history and more.

Rare primary sources chronicle the unique, often controversial, relationship between the U.S. government and Native American nations
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