Important Role of former Nazis in Eastern Germany." 

November 21, 1950
Central Files Decimal Number 762B.00

Tiananmen Square and U.S.—China Relations, 1989—1993

Summary
This review of international relations analyzes the 1989 demonstrations, China’s human rights issues and more.

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Date Range: 1989-1993
Content: 19,137 pages
Source Library: George H.W. Bush Presidential Library

Description
Throughout the 20th century, Tiananmen Square was the epicenter for many political events: the May 4th Movement of 1919; Mao Zedong’s proclamation of the People’s Republic of China in 1949; and annual mass military displays on subsequent National Days until 1959.

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The historic student standoff of 1989 was sparked by the death of a pro-democracy and anti-corruption official, Hu Yaobang. More than 100,000 protesters converged to mourn Hu’s death, but they lacked a unified cause or leadership. The so-named June 4th Movement lasted seven weeks, until tanks cleared Tiananmen Square leaving many protesters dead or severely injured.

Following the conflict, the government conducted widespread arrests of protesters and their supporters, cracked down on other protests around China, banned the foreign press from the country and strictly controlled coverage of the events in the PRC press.

Unique primary sources
Tiananmen Square and U.S.-China Relations, 1989-1993
offers unique primary source documents relating to the demonstrations and their aftermath: public mail, memoranda, reports, cables, meeting notes, news clippings and much more.

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