Important Role of former Nazis in Eastern Germany." 

November 21, 1950
Central Files Decimal Number 762B.00

Revolution of the King and the People in Morocco, 1950-1959: Records of the U.S. State Department Classified Files

Authoritative documentation charts Morocco’s turbulent emergence in the 20th century.

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Date Range: 1950-1959
42,291 images
Source Library: 
U.S. National Archives

After gaining independence in 1956, Morocco made strides toward economic and political liberalization. The sultan Muhammad V proclaimed his intention of turning his nation into a constitutional monarchy. His first act was to assume the title of king. The Moroccan government undertook economic, social and political reforms, including the drafting of a constitution.

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Nationalist political parties, which took shape under the French protectorate, began a strong campaign for independence after World War II. Declarations such as the Atlantic Charter served as a basis for the independence movement. A 1944 manifesto of the Istiqlal (Independence) Party was one of the earliest public demands. That party provided most of the leadership for the nationalist movement and remains a strong presence today.

Revolution of the King and the People in Morocco, 1950-1959: Records of the U.S. State Department Classified Files
This collection illuminates the internal conditions of Morocco in detail, reproducing thousands of pages on political, governmental, and military affairs, as well as economic and social issues. Content includes:

  • Special reports on political and military affairs
  • Studies and statistics on socioeconomic matters
  • Interviews and minutes of meetings with foreign government officials
  • Court proceedings and other legal documents
  • Full texts of letters, instructions and cables sent and received by U.S. diplomatic personnel
  • Reports and translations from foreign journals and newspapers
  • Translations of high-level foreign government documents, including speeches, memoranda and transcripts of political meetings

Research topics include:

  • U.S. support for Nationalists
  • Istiqlal Party terrorism
  • Arab League’s anti-French attitude
  • French exchange controls in Morocco
  • Berber support of French administration and army
  • Installation of French-puppet Sultan
  • Marshall aid to Morocco
  • Economic and financial reforms
  • Exodus of Moroccan Jewry
  • Industrial development
  • Immigration and emigration
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