Important Role of former Nazis in Eastern Germany." 

November 21, 1950
Central Files Decimal Number 762B.00

Revolution in Mexico, the 1917 Constitution, and Its Aftermath

Date Range: 1910-1924
Content: 88,000 pages
Source Library: U.S. National Archives

Description

This collection comprises U.S. State Department documents related to the Mexican Revolution, which began in 1910 and continued sporadically until the new Constitution was adopted in 1917 through to, and including, the election of Calles. This collection includes accounts of major military and political events:

  • Growing opposition in 1910 to the regime of Porfirio Diaz
  • Forced resignation of Diaz in 1911 and the election of the revolutionary leader, Francisco I. Madero, as President
  • Assassination of Madero in 1913, followed by the military dictatorship of Victoriano Huerta
  • Growing unrest and the revolt against Huerta that brought about his resignation in July 1914
  • Arrest of American marines at Tampico and the military occupation of Veracruz by the U.S.  in April 1914
  • Convention at Aguascalientes in the latter part of 1914, an unsuccessful attempt by the revolutionary leaders Venustiano Carranza, Francisco "Pancho" Villa, and Emiliano Zapata to settle their differences
  • Defeat of Villa in 1915 by the Carranza forces under command of Alvaro Obregon and the de facto recognition by the United States of the Mexican Government under Carranza
  • U. S. expedition into Mexico under General Pershing to pursue Villa after his raids across the border in March 1916
  • Revolt resulting in the death of Carranza in 1920 and the election of Obregon as President
  • De jure recognition of Mexico by the U.S. in 1923
  • Election of Plutarco Elias Calles as President in 1924
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