Important Role of former Nazis in Eastern Germany." 

November 21, 1950
Central Files Decimal Number 762B.00

Political Relations and Conflict between Republican China and Imperial Japan, 1930-1939: Records of the U.S. State Department

Date Range: 1930-1939
Content: 64,752 pages
Source Library: U.S. National Archives

Description

The Nationalist-Communist turmoil in China provided an easy opportunity for Japan to further its goals in the 1930s. Japan saw Manchuria as a limitless supply of raw materials, a market for her manufactured goods (now excluded from many Western countries by Depression era tariffs), and as a protective buffer state against the Soviet Union in Siberia. Japan invaded Manchuria outright after the Mukden Incident in September 1931. After five months of fighting, the puppet state of Manchukuo was established in 1932, with the last emperor of China, Pu Yi, installed as a puppet ruler. Militarily too weak to directly challenge Japan, China appealed to the League of Nations for help. The League's investigation was published as the Lytton Report, condemning Japan for its incursion into Manchuria, and causing Japan to withdraw from the League of Nations entirely. Appeasement being the predominant policy of the day, no country was willing to take action against Japan beyond tepid censure.

The records included in Political Relations and Conflict between Republican China and Imperial Japan, 1930-1939: Records of the U.S. State Department are primarily instructions to and despatches from diplomatic and consular officials, often accompanied by enclosures.

A range of other primary source documents are also included:

  • State Department's internal documentation
  • Correspondence between the Department and other federal departments and agencies, Congress, and private individuals and organizations telegrams and airgrams
  • Instructions, inquiries, and studies
  • Memoranda and situation reports
  • Translations
  • Special reports and plans
  • Official and unofficial correspondence
  • Press clippings

Political Relations and Conflict between Republican China and Imperial Japan, 1930-1939: Records of the U.S. State Department provides a wealth of information necessary for research in China Studies, Asian and East Asian Studies, Political Science/Government, International Affairs, Military History, Global Studies, and Conflict Studies.

Research/dissertation topics inlude:

  • Japanese aggression and Manchukuo
  • Last Chinese emperor: Pu Yi and Manchukuo
  • Sino-Japanese relations
  • Military atrocities and the Sino-Japanese War
  • Chinese natural resources and war mobilization
  • Warlords and banditry in 1930s China
  • Bolshevism in China and gunboat diplomacy
  • Chinese republic and Communism
  • Communism in North China

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