Important Role of former Nazis in Eastern Germany." 

November 21, 1950
Central Files Decimal Number 762B.00

Liberation Movement in Africa and African America

Date Range: 1970-1985
Content: 11,513 pages
Source Library: Federal Bureau of Investigation Headquarters Library


Militant Black nationalism and pan-Africanism influenced and paralleled African America’s interest in Africa. Africa’s entrance into the international arena and American Cold War politics helped fuel the Civil Rights and the Black Power movements of the 1960s and 1970s.

The Black Liberation Movement supported and extended the influence of the All-African People's Revolutionary Party (A-APRP) within the African-American community. Organizations like the Black Panthers and the Black Liberation Army had very similar goals as the A-APRP.  Working on college campuses and in local communities, The Black Liberation Movement and the A-APRP educated and recruited their cadre from amongst the revolutionary African American and Black Power organizations

The melding of Black nationalism and pan-Africanism led to the first of the African Liberation Days celebrations and political organizing.  This political organizing led directly to the 1972 National Black Political Convention in Gary, Indiana. The convention was perhaps the most important political, cultural, and intellectual gathering of the Black Power era.  The success of the second African Liberation Day led to the establishment of a permanent political organizing committee – the African Liberation Support Committee (ALSC). The ALSC served as both a pro-Africa lobby and a national educational and community organizing group.

The FBI labeled both of the ALSC and A-APRP as subversive in the early 1970s and began an extensive surveillance campaign. The U.S. State Department provided additional surveillance assistance in re to Americans traveling to and from Africa. 

A variety of materials comprise this collection, including:

  • FBI surveillance and informant reports and correspondence from a variety of offices including, NYC, Baltimore, New Haven, Detroit, Miami, Atlanta, Newark, Kansas City, and Cleveland.
  • Intercepted correspondence
  • Ephemera from NGO support groups 
  • Justice Department memoranda, correspondence, and analyses
  • Newsclippings and articles
  • Copies of handbills, pamphlets, and newsletters
  • Witness statements
  • Extremist Intelligence Section reports
  • Domestic Intelligence Division reports and memoranda
  • Transcriptions of wiretaps, typewriter tapes, and coded messages
  • Speech excerpts
  • Transcripts of conversations

Liberation Movement in Africa and African America supports research and course work in African American Studies, American Studies,  Radical Studies, Political studies, Social history, Human Rights, and Sociology.

Sample documents include:

  • African Liberation Support Committee Activities in Tanzania, October 1973
  • Monetary support from the African Liberation Support Committee for FRELIMO in Mozambique, 1973
  • African Liberation Day Demonstrations Planning, March 1972
  • Planning for OAU Demonstrations in Washington D.C. regarding South Africa, March 1972
  • National African Liberation Support Committee meeting on Pan-Africanism, 1973
  • National African Liberation Support Committee Strategy, 1973
  • Stokely Carmichael and the All-African People’s Revolutionary Party, September 1973

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