Intergovernmental Committee on Refugees: The West’s Response to Jewish Emigration
Get inside the IGCR — the Intergovernmental Committee on Refugees — organized in London in 1938 following the Evian Conference, which had been called by President Roosevelt to consider the problem of racial, religious and political refugees from central Europe. This collection includes IGCR subject files on virtually every group of racial, religious and political refugees from 1938 to 1947.
An intuitive platform makes it all cross-searchable by subject or collection.
Date Range: 1938-1947
Source Library: U.S. National Archives
The Intergovernmental Committee on Refugees was organized in London in August 1938 as a result of the Evian Conference of July 1938, which had been called by President Roosevelt to consider the problem of racial, religious, and political refugees from central Europe. Its main purpose was to assist in the resettlement of refugees from Europe in countries allowing permanent immigration. At the Anglo-American conference at Bermuda in April 1943, recommendations were made to the Committee and adopted in August 1943 for an extension of its mandate and structure in order to take into account not only immediately urgent situations but also the longer-term problems of the postwar period. After the establishment of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration the Committee’s responsibilities were limited to refugees in areas in which that Administration was not active and to refugees who for one reason or another did not come within the jurisdiction of the Administration, such as stateless refugees.
FOR MORE INFORMATION, download a Product Fact Sheet [pdf, 298 KB]
In July 1944, 37 governments participated in the work of the Committee. Of these, representatives of nine countries, including the United States, served on its Executive Committee. The primary responsibility for determining the policy of the United States with regard to the Committee was that of the Department of State. It ceased to exist in 1947, and its functions and records were transferred to the International Refugee Organization of the United Nations. Records of the Washington representative of the Committee were maintained at the State Department.
Sample Subject Files
American Friends of German Freedom
American Jewish Committee
American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee
American Joint Distribution Committee
Baja California for resettlement
Havana I.L.O. Conference
Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society
IGC Activities in Italy
IGC-Comments on Statement Issued December 10, 1943 Concerning Aid for Jewish Refugees
IGC-Emerson Report on International Assistance to Refugees
IGC-War Refugee Board relations
Indemnity Bonds to Aliens
International Catholic Office for Refugee Affairs
Jewish Communities in Latin America
Jewish Joint Distribution Committee
Jewish Welfare Federation
Mercy Ships for Children
National Refugee Service
Taylor, Myron C.
Terrage, Baroness de Villiers
Sample Country Files