Important Role of former Nazis in Eastern Germany." 

November 21, 1950
Central Files Decimal Number 762B.00

Final Accountability Rosters of Japanese-American Relocation Centers, 1944-1946

Summary

Rosters of the forced interment of people of Japanese descent during World War II chart one of the darker chapters in American history.

An intuitive platform makes it all cross-searchable by subject or collection.

Date Range: 1944-1946
Content: 3,145 pages
Source Library: U.S. National Archives

Description

The December 7, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor launched a rash of fear about national security, especially on the West Coast.  In February 1942, just two months after Pearl Harbor, President Roosevelt, issued Executive Order 9066, relocating all persons of Japanese ancestry, both citizens and aliens, outside of the Pacific military zone. The objectives of the order were to prevent espionage and to protect persons of Japanese descent from harm at the hands of Americans who were at the time demonstrating strong anti-Japanese attitudes.

Roosevelt's order affected 117,000 people of Japanese descent, two-thirds of whom were native-born citizens of the United States. Within weeks, all persons of Japanese ancestry--whether citizens or enemy aliens, young or old, rich or poor--were ordered to assembly centers near their homes. Soon they were sent to permanent relocation centers outside the restricted military zones.

The rosters that form Final Accountability Rosters of Japanese-American Relocation Centers, 1944-1946 provide demographic information on the “evacuees” resident at the various relocation camps.  They consist of alphabetical lists of evacuees resident at the relocation centers during the period of their existence. The lists typically provide the following information about the individual evacuees: name, family number, sex, date of birth, marital status, citizenship status, alien registration number, method of original entry into center (from an assembly center, other institution, Hawaii, another relocation center, birth, or other), date of entry, pre-evacuation address, center address, type of final departure (indefinite leave, internment, repatriation, segregation, relocation, or death), date of departure, and final destination. Included for each center are summary tabulations on evacuees resident at the center and on total admissions and departures.

The rosters within Final Accountability Rosters of Japanese-American Relocation Centers, 1944-1946 provide information necessary for research in Asian American and ethnic studies, American studies, military history, social history, World War II studies, political science, and national security studies.

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