Important Role of former Nazis in Eastern Germany." 

November 21, 1950
Central Files Decimal Number 762B.00

Democracy in Turkey, 1950-1959: Records of the U.S. State Department Classified Files

Follow the political, economic and social development of Turkey during a period of democratization.

An intuitive platform makes it all cross-searchable by subject or collection.

Date Range: 1950-1959
54,489 pages
Source Library:
U.S. National Archives

The official image of Turkish society promoted by the ruling elite since the 1920s is one of relative constancy. In reality, however, Turkish society is a mosaic of diverse and at times contending ethnic and linguistic groups.

FOR MORE INFORMATION, download a Product Fact Sheet [pdf, 348 KB]

The postwar result of Pres. Atatürk’s secularist reforms was the creation of two cultures: a secularized and westernized elite culture and a mass culture based on traditional religious values.

In the liberalized postwar atmosphere, party politics became a source of instability and democracy. During the 1950s, tensions between the main parties increased as the Democrat Party government of Prime Minister Adnan Menderes became more authoritarian, and the economy suffered inflation and heavy debt.

Democracy in Turkey, 1950-1959 offers unique opportunities for undergraduate and graduate research. Easy access to State Department records provides new insights in which pivotal nations have shaped their policies toward the U.S. and other nations. This content illuminates the internal conditions of a variety of nations in exhaustive detail by reproducing thousands of pages on political, governmental, and military affairs, as well as economic and social issues.

  • special reports on political and military affairs
  • studies and statistics on socioeconomic matters
  • interviews and minutes of meetings with foreign government officials
  • court proceedings and other legal documents
  • full texts of important letters, instructions, and cables sent and received by U.S. diplomatic personnel
  • voluminous reports and translations from foreign journals and newspapers
  • countless translations of high-level foreign government documents, including speeches, memoranda, official reports, and transcripts of political meetings and assemblies

Research topics include:

  • postwar result of Atatürk’s secularist reforms
  • Turkish state as an indivisible entity
  • industrial and economic development
  • cultural differences between the modernist and the traditionalist
  • competitive political parties
  • military intervention and government control
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